Don't like how your skin looks? Maybe it's time to think about effective methods of rejuvenation? At what age is it recommended to start doing these procedures? Such questions arise in almost every woman after 30 years. The aging process begins at an earlier age, but at this age we still do not notice it.
Fortunately, modern medicine and cosmetology do not stand still and offer their patients a variety of hardware and injection procedures, but this article will focus on the laser method of skin rejuvenation. Different cosmetic techniques are used in cosmetology, but they can all be divided into two types:
- ablative (with damage to the surface layer of the skin);
- non-ablative (without damaging the surface layer of the skin).
How to quickly rejuvenate the skin?
Gradually wrinkles appear on the skin, it becomes dull, the pores expand. Laser photothermolysis helps to quickly restore the youth of the skin. This effective non-surgical method of skin rejuvenation helps to stimulate and correct the cell structure without destructive changes. For photothermolysis, a laser beam is used, which is divided into microbeams. Thus, during the procedure it becomes possible to control the depth and degree of exposure and to prevent damage to the upper layer of the epidermis.
Laser photothermolysis of the face helps to remove facial wrinkles, reduce enlarged pores, renew the skin of the face, neck and décolleté. It also helps to effectively remove skin pigmentation, remove scars, stretch marks, scars. Using this method, you can get rid of even the deepest and oldest scars and stretch marks. The effect of the device can be compared to the effect of peeling or polishing, but it is much more effective. In the process of processing the skin on its surface, micro-burns remain. During the subsequent rehabilitation period, the upper layer of the skin dies and separates naturally. Collagen begins to be actively produced in the damaged areas, which contributes to the formation of new healthy cells. After a few procedures it becomes noticeable that the skin is more even and after completing the course it becomes clear that cosmetic problems have completely faded into the background.
Apparatus for photothermolysis of the face
The fractional non-ablative laser Lux1540 as part of the Palomar Icon system helps to efficiently and quickly solve not only elementary but also quite complex problems of patients in cosmetology.
The laser is used when it is necessary to eliminate the following problems:
- rejuvenation of the dermis;
- wrinkle removal;
- impact on scars and scars;
- postpartum stretch marks on the skin;
- combating gravitational ptosis of the upper and lower eyelids.
The advantages of the device make it sought after. Its increased effectiveness has long been proven with many positive clinical results. The device is based on skin rejuvenation by stimulating collagen synthesis and skin renewal. The laser creates a good depth of exposure - up to 2 mm. 2-3 passes on the skin surface are sufficient to achieve a good density of radiation exposure to improve the structure of the skin.
Compared to other lasers, the fractional type model provides the best safety and painlessness. The laser uses approved technology for smooth pulses. The device does not require the use of additional consumables, which makes the procedure more economical.
Perform the procedure
Laser fractional photothermolysis is performed after preliminary preparation of the skin. Before the procedure it should be cleaned of excess sebum, dust and cosmetics. Because the treatment is performed with a laser, the impact sites are treated with an anesthetic. After a few minutes, the anesthetic cream is removed and a special gel is applied to make it easier for the device to slide. Before the procedure, a special processing scheme is created. The average duration of the procedure is no more than 30 minutes.
During the procedure the patient does not feel pain, only slight tingling or burning may be noted. In general, the procedure does not cause discomfort and is quite comfortable for the patient. After the procedure, a cream is applied to the skin to reduce redness and swelling. The fractional photothermolysis procedure is repeated after 2-3 weeks. Each regular session is appointed by a beautician individually.
Skin care after exposure to the appliance
Laser fractional photothermolysis of the face gently acts on the skin so that it recovers quickly enough. The risks of complications are completely excluded, but after the procedure for some time it is necessary to adhere to the following rules:
- in case of skin hypersensitivity, avoid direct sunlight for 1 month. In summer, the use of sunscreen is recommended;
- for 2 weeks apply a moisturizer on the treated area, which should be light and not clog pores;
- do not use peels and scrubs for at least 2 weeks.
Redness and slight swelling are a normal reaction of the body and this passes quite quickly as cell regeneration takes place. The course of procedures is 4-8 sessions with a frequency of once every 2-6 weeks. An additional advantage of this technique is that it combines well with biorevitalization, plasma therapy and other methods of rejuvenation aimed at skin rejuvenation and collagen synthesis.
Varieties of fractional photothermolysis
To date, there is a non-ablative method of rejuvenation, which helps to improve the condition of the neck, face, eyelids, removes stretch marks and post-acne. It is also used to improve the overall appearance as a whole. This technique provides a positive result in the treatment of skin pigmentation and areas with insufficient pigmentation. The action is prolonged, which means that the condition of the skin improves and the effect lasts for several years.
The ablative technique is based on the use of a CO2 laser. Due to the impact of its beam, damage to the epidermis occurs at a certain depth. Then, within three months, collagen forms on the treated area of skin. Such a laser is able to eliminate sufficiently pronounced defects. In addition to the main laser, an erbium laser can be used, whose beam wavelength is slightly shorter, which means that the effect is not as deep and faster.
Compared to the non-ablative method, patients experience some pain after this procedure, but the procedure has improved efficiency and safety compared to standard laser ablation.
Contraindications to the procedure
Despite the obvious positive effect, all methods of rejuvenating facial skin have their contraindications. In this case, you should emphasize:
- skin diseases such as psoriasis and dermatitis;
- pregnancy and lactation;
- inflammatory and infectious processes;
- recent facial cleansing with chemicals;
- allergy to anesthetics.
Photothermolysis of the face is allowed for any phototype of the skin, as the effect is carried out by infrared rays that penetrate the skin. As healing occurs quickly enough, the effect can be on different areas.
Photothermolysis of CO2
Fractional photothermolysis of CO2 is a special device for affecting the skin. The method involves the use of a point deep effect of a carbon dioxide laser, which leaves a large number of microthermal damage on the skin. In the deep layers of the skin there is not only thermal damage, but at the same time heating of adjacent skin areas that remain intact.
Fractional photothermolysis of CO2 laser eliminates the development of side effects. The degree of tissue exposure can be adjusted by changing the coverage area and the distance between the microthermal areas. This is the peculiarity of this device.
Fractional photothermolysis gives noticeable results after 3 procedures. Recovery after the procedure is quite fast. The following changes occur after the procedure:
- the skin is impressively taut;
- the complexion improves;
- the structure of the skin is smoothed;
- the eyelids are pulled up.
Fractional photothermolysis is performed by an experienced cosmetologist, who assesses the condition of the skin, taking into account the indications and contraindications, as well as the wishes of the patient. Effective rejuvenation methods help every patient to forget what a gray matte complexion is, enlarged pores that bothered them before, as well as scars after acne and stretch marks.
Maximum effect is achieved in the treatment of shallow wrinkles. After each procedure, it takes time to recover and produce the collagen and elastin needed to smooth out wrinkles. The end result can be seen in a few months.